Individual and Institutional Racism

  “Racism is both overt and covert. It takes two, closely related forms: individual whites acting against individual blacks, and acts by the total white community against the black community. We call these individual racism and institutional racism. The first consists of overt acts by individuals, which cause death, injury or the violent destruction of... Continue Reading →

Unmasking Racism: Halloween Costuming and Engagement of the Racial Other

“Significantly, the goal of Halloween humor and play is often achieved at the expense of a target, for example, an individual or group that is mocked. While a costume may represent an ultimately aggressive judgment about its target, the joking nature of this practice makes acceptable the sharing of information, which in its unadulterated form... Continue Reading →

From Ferguson to France

"The events in Ferguson reveal how victim status in the U.S. is often skewed by race and ethnicity. For example, the New York Times described Michael Brown as a criminal and “no angel” when writing about his death. Similar reports emphasized how Brown had barely graduated high school, enjoyed rap music, and had traces of marijuana in his system when he died. We... Continue Reading →

Racism Without Racists

“But regardless of whites’ ‘‘sincere fictions,’’[5] racial considerations shade almost everything in America. Blacks and dark-skinned racial minorities lag well behind whites in virtually every area of social life; they are about three times more likely to be poor than whites, earn about 40 percent less than whites, and have about an eighth of the... Continue Reading →

Just Laugh About It?

“My faculty colleagues have urged me not to give the voices of racism “so much power.” Laughter is the way to disempower the forces of evil, I am told. But is it the racism I am disempowering if I laugh? Wouldn’t this betray the deadly seriousness of it all? Laughing purposefully at what is hurtful seems... Continue Reading →

The Linguistics of Color Blind Racism: How to Talk Nasty about Blacks without Sounding Racist

Abstract: In this paper I argue that color blind racism, the central racial ideology of the post-civil rights era, has a peculiar style characterized by slipperiness, apparent nonracialism, and ambivalence. This style Ž ts quite well the normative climate of the country as well as the central frames of color blind racism. I document in the paper Žthe stylistic components... Continue Reading →

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