Christmas and Subjective Well-Being
Fig. 1. The Christmas effect on life satisfaction

“[…] Respondents surveyed in the period shortly before or at the Christmas holidays generally report lower life satisfaction and lower emotional well-being compared to respondents whose interview took place outside of the Christmas period. […] In this perspective reduced SWB [subjective well-being] at Christmas is a result of perceived time pressure, social obligations and, maybe, financial concerns which are inherent in the materialist consumer culture that surrounds Christmas nowadays. In the aftermath of Christmas, subjective well-being is not particularly positive, but again converging to its annual mean level. This finding may suggest that it is particularly the Pre-Christmas hustle and not the Christmas holiday itself that has caused the short-term decline in well-being. Moreover, this study also demonstrated that Christian religious affiliation moderates the way in which Christmas is experienced […]. Results indicate that religious Christians do not suffer from reduced life satisfaction in the time before Christmas (Fig. 1). In this regard, religious Christians deviate from the general pattern in a remarkable, but plausible way. Moreover, the Christmas decline in terms of emotional well-being is less pronounced in Christians compared to non-Christians (Fig. 2). Hence, both findings consistently show that Christian religious affiliation is a protective factor against the general decline in SWB around Christmas. It is less clear however, if this protection comes along with Christian affiliation per se or if it needs to be combined with high religiousness.”
Fig. 2. The Christmas effect on emotional well-being

Mutz, Michael. 2016. “Christmas and Subjective Well-Being: a Research Note.” Applied Research in Quality of Life 11(4):1341-1356. [Excerpt. Both figures from the article, bold not in original.]



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